Sri Lanka in Brief

Official Name:

Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka

Government Type:



Latitude 5° 55. to 9° 50. north, Longitude 79° 42. to 81° 52., 650km north of the equator


430km North to South, 225km East to West




Climate:  Tropical monsoon(northwest monsoon-December to March and Southwest monsoon-June to October)

Currency (code):

Sri Lankan Rupee (LKR)


4 February 1948

Administrative Capital:

Sri Jayewardenepura

Commercial Capital:


Administrative Divisions:

9 provinces; Central, Eastern, North Central, Northern, North Western, Sabaragamuwa ,Southern, Uva, Western


Mostly low, flat to rolling plain; mountains in south-central interior

Highest Mountain:

Pidurutalagala, 2,524m

Highest Waterfall:

Bambarakanda, 263m

National Flower

The Blue Water Lily (Nymphaea stellata).

National Parks and Nature Reserves Area:                                                       




Population Growth Rate:


Population Density:

333 people per sq km

Life Expectancy at Birth

  Male: 72.64 years, female: 79.79 years

Literacy Rate :

 Male 92.6%, female: 90%

Ethnic Groups:

Sinhalese 73.8%, Sri Lankan Moors 7.2%, Indian Tamil 4.6%, Sri Lankan Tamil 3.9%, other 0.5%, unspecified 10% (2001 census)


Sinhala (official and national language) 74%, Tamil (national language) 18%, other 8%
Note: English (a link language) is commonly used in government and spoken competently by about 10% of the population.


Buddhist 69.1%, Muslim 7.6%, Hindu 7.1%, Christian 6.2%, unspecified 10% (2001 census)

Time Zone:

Sri Lanka Standard Time is five and a half hours ahead of GMT. (Allowance should be made for summer-time changes in Europe.)

International Dialing:



230. 240 volts, 50 cycles AC. If you travel with a laptop computer, bring a stabilizer


Sri Lanka's most dynamic sectors are food processing, textiles and apparel, food and beverages, port construction, telecommunications, insurance and banking. In 2006, plantation crops made up only 15% of exports (90% in 1970), while textiles and garments accounted for more than 60%. About 800,000 Sri Lankans work abroad, 90% of them in the Middle East. They send home more than US$1 billion a year.

Labour Force

31.8% of the labour population is employed in agriculture, 25.8% in industry and 42.4% in services The unemployment rate is 5.2%

Agriculture & Products

Rice, Sugarcane, Grains, Pulses, Oilseed, Spices, Tea, Rubber, Coconuts, milk, Eggs, Hides, Beef, Fish


Processing of rubber, tea, coconuts, tobacco and other agricultural commodities, telecommunications, insurance, banking; clothing, textiles, cement, petroleum refining.


Textiles and apparel; tea and spices; diamonds, emeralds, rubies; coconut products, rubber manufactures, fish
Exports partners :  US 22.6%, UK 9.8%, India 6.4% ,Belgium 5.2%, Germany 4.8% Italy 4.3%


 Textile fabrics, mineral products, building materials, petroleum, foodstuffs, and machinery and transportation equipment
Import partners: India 21.3%, China 16.5%, Singapore 8.6%, Iran 7.7%, UAE 4.4%, Malaysia 4.3%

Gross Domestic Product (GDP):

Purchasing power parity: $128.4 billion, Official exchange rate: $59.41 billion, Real growth rate: 6.4%, Per capita: $6,200 , composition by sector: Agriculture: 11.1%, Industry: 31.5%, Services: 57.5%

Flag Description:

Yellow with two panels; the smaller hoist-side panel has two equal vertical bands of green (hoist side) and orange; the other panel is a large dark red rectangle with a yellow lion holding a sword, and there is a yellow bo leaf in each corner; the yellow field appears as a border around the entire flag and extends between the two panels

Last Updated on Monday, 04 November 2013 14:04


Great for website

Embassy Holidays





sri lanka in briefs